Staple food prices in Tanzania.
The study provides analysis of staple foods in Tanzania. It uses data from documents reviews, questionnaires and interviews. Findings show that the main staple foods in Tanzania are maize (33% of caloric intake) and cassava (13%), with rice, sorghum, and wheat playing smaller roles. Rice and wheat are preferred staples, being disproportionately important in urban areas and among high-income households. Tanzania is essentially self-sufficient in maize, although there are occasional cross-border exports from the main surplus zone in the southern highlands to northern Zambia and Malawi. There is little or no trade in cassava and sorghum. On the other hand, the country relies on imports for 8% of its rice and 91% of its wheat requirements.